Traveler's View: A Time To Pause In the Parks

Margaret Anderson lost her life trying to preserve the places we find so special. NPS photo.

We like to think that national parks are just that: serene, picturesque "parks" where we can, if only for a moment or two, escape the ugliness and stress of the world beyond their borders.

But as the New Year's Day shooting at Mount Rainier National Park that left a young ranger dead proved only too well, national parks are not always the sanctuaries we'd like them to be or envision them to be.

The monstrousness and brutalness of society has a long reach, one that national parks are not immune from.

Margaret Anderson, a 34-year-old law enforcement ranger gunned down by a man wanted in connection with a shooting earlier in the day in Seattle, is only the latest victim. But that does not, nor should it, diminish the loss nor ease the pain.

But it should force us to step back, longer than just a moment, and reflect not just on the role national parks play, but on the role of all rangers, and on the harshness of the world and what can be done to mute it if only a bit.

Though we view them as "national" parks, places such as Mount Rainier and Yellowstone and Great Smoky and Acadia also are communities of park and concessions employees. Many of these workers are somewhat itinerant. In the case of Park Service staff, many are constantly moving around the National Park System as they strive to move up the ladder. For concessions workers, they often move with the seasons.

It can be particularly tough for couples longing to stay together. For Ranger Anderson, who first sampled Park Service life in 2000 at Bryce Canyon National Park in Utah, she and her husband, Eric, also a law-enforcement ranger, somehow managed to make it work. From Bryce Canyon they moved to Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park before heading back West to Mount Rainier in December 2008. There they both settled into jobs in the park and began to build a family around their life.

That life together, with two young daughters, crumbled on New Year's Day when Benjamin Colton Barnes leveled a shotgun at Ranger Anderson and pulled the trigger. Another, unidentified ranger who was responding with Ranger Anderson to intercept Mr. Barnes also was shot at, but fate was on his side and he escaped uninjured.

On first appearances, law-enforcement rangers with their Kevlar vests bulging under their shirts, sidearms and batons strapped to their waists, and business-like demeanor can appear brusque and standoffish. They do not immediately conjure an image of the friendly interpretive ranger who will lead you down a trail, pointing out wildflowers and animal tracks.

Today's fears -- of terrorists, criminals, and gang-bangers -- have made them so. Too, those fears have, perhaps, made law-enforcement jobs easier to obtain than other positions in the parks, as security has risen in prominence since September 11, 2001.

Ranger Anderson, who grew up in Westfield, New Jersey, received a bachelor of sciences degree with honors in fisheries and wildlife from Kansas State University in 1999, and then a Master’s in biological sciences from Fort Hays State University. She also had attended Northern Arizona University and Deakin Univesity in Australia, worked for several seasons at Spruce Run State Park in New Jersey, and for a brief period was a naturalist for the state of Kansas. Despite this rich and deep background in science, she worked to enforce the law in the parks.

But law-enforcement rangers like Ranger Anderson and her husband are working in the parks in no small part because of the love they share with us for these places, and a sense of duty to protect the public.

While Mount Rainier officials are reticent to go into detail about the New Year's Day shooting, it's not hard to appreciate that Ranger Anderson, in blocking Mr. Barnes' path to Paradise where more than 100 visitors were welcoming the new year with sledding, snowshoeing, and cross-country skiing, very likely prevented a much greater loss of life by doing her job.

“It would be speculation, but I can certainly say the stop was made just below the visitor center there, the Jackson Memorial Visitor Center, so that was done away from an area where the public would be directly engaged," said park spokesman Greg Shine.

While more than a few have pointed to a regulatory change in firearms laws that Congress foisted on the Park Service in 2009 with an amendment tacked onto legislation dealing with credit cards as a factor in Ranger Anderson's death, that will continue to be debatable.

What shouldn't be debatable, though, is that today's gun laws are not perfect; they have too many loopholes and allow too many military-caliber weapons to land in the wrong hands.

Too, how veterans returning from foreign lands are diagnosed and treated for post-traumatic stress syndrome must constantly be evaluated and improved.

In the end, we need the national parks and what they offer. We need the peacefulness that can be found down a hiking trail or along a lakeshore or river, we need the rejuvenation that can be found, the knowledge that awaits those looking to learn, and the comfort of wilderness.

And we need to thank and remember rangers like Margaret Anderson for working to preserve and protect those very things for the rest of us.

Editor's note: Consider donating to a fund set up by the National Park Foundation to benefit Ranger Anderson's two young daughters.

Comments

How did the regulatory change "foisted" upon the NPS have anything to do with this tragedy? This man commited crimanl acts and turned to the wilderness of our national parks for sanctuary. Does anyone honestly believe that if the 2009 change had not been enacted this tragedy would not have happened?

Thank you for a sensible look at this tragedy, Kurt. This is only a very small part of a much, much larger multiple-faceted problem in our society that we have been afraid to address for too long.

How many more tragedies will it take before we finally muster up the collective courage to openly and honestly face the challenges posed by violence and weapons in our society?

"they have too many loopholes and allow too many military-caliber weapons to land in the wrong hands."
Loopholes? The only undebatible fact is that criminals will get the guns no matter what the law. Heck - they can buy them from our government (Fast & Furious).
BTW - what is a "military-caliber" weapon? A 38? 9mm? 45?.
Fact is the 2009 change had nothing to do with this atrocity and its unlikely that any "gun law" would have made a difference.

Thanks for the thoughtful piece, Kurt.

Thanks for a balanced look at this issue. What we should concentrate on is memorializing the committment to public service that Ranger Anderson and her husband demonstrated. RIP

Rick

ecbuck:
BTW - what is a "military-caliber" weapon? A 38? 9mm? 45?.
I'm pretty sure that Kurt meant a military-style weapon that few people would ever need for hunting or normal shooting sports.

There was a photo of the perp shirtless and carrying a semi-automatic combat shotgun with a high-capacity detachable magazine. This is a far cry from the pump-action shotguns that typical law enforcement (including NPS LE rangers) carry. I'm thinking he was able to fire the three shots that hit her vehicle in less than 2 seconds.

As for LE rangers, I've seen a variety of different attitudes. I've found some to be extremely professional and courteous, while others have a no-nonsense stoic law enforcement attitude. I remember entering the Hetch Hetchy area in Yosemite with an LE ranger manning the entrance station. He was about as pleasant as any other ranger I've met at an entrance. Then I've seen some professional but not so chatty LE ranger manning a chain checkpoint. He wasn't rude, but he wasn't exactly pleasant. I've also seen quite a few LE rangers asked by tourists to snap their photos, give directions, and once even mobbed by kids thinking that she was there to sign their junior ranger booklets. Once after a group left after an LE ranger snapped their photo, I noted that they didn't seem to under that he was essentially the local police, but he said that doing these little things came with wearing the hat (which he had on).

While I guess we see the LE ranger, I'd note that the NPS also has a professional law enforcement division in the form of the US Park Police. I know some received criticism for the arrests made for dancing at the Jefferson Memorial, but I saw a very professional attitude seeing them performing crowd control at the Presidio of San Francisco where there were large crowds trying to find a spot to watch the US Navy Blue Angels. They were rather understanding that it was an unusual circumstance, and weren't whipping out their ticket books looking to score revenues from parking violations.

This is a really sad incident, but I would like to remind the author that homicidal criminals dont tend to follow gun laws.

Kurt, I commend you for a very well written article that expresses much outrage as well as deep compassion for Ranger Anderson and her family regarding her brutal untimely death. Such a tragic waste of human life that had so much to give to the world and to the national parks.

Excellent, balanced post, Kurt. Thank you for that.
As for all the comments here and all over the internet about laws not stopping criminals--well, obviously not. This would be why they are called "criminals." Seems to me that's a very silly point to make.
But as far as the specific credit card amendment rider goes, all I have in response is, Why on earth should guns carried by civilians be allowed in national parks? You can't legally discharge them there anyway. Whether or not the law had anything to do with Ranger Anderson's death, *which Kurt notes in this very article* (for those who apparently did not read his article closely enough before they decided to comment), I still think allowing civilians to carry guns into national parks is a terrible, terrible idea. That's my two cents and I'm sticking with it.
This was a tragedy all around, and I certainly think more dialogue around the entire situation should always be encouraged.

Julie,
Do you think only carrying in parks is a terrible idea or just carrying at all? If the former, why should the parks be any different. If the latter, why do you think we should ignore the constitution.

The title of this article is "A Time To Pause".

I'd sure like to see the issue-driven rhetoric PAUSE long enough to mourn this public servant.

All expletives of emphasis deleted here prior to posting.

Great piece, Kurt. Thanks.

At 1pm Pacific time we will sit quietly and pray for ranger Anderson, her family and park family

Be assured that many outside the NPS community are mourning Ranger Anderson, also.

This is just so heartbreaking............It really hits home hard

Here is a link to a fine article about this from a Seattle area newspaper:
http://www.thenewstribune.com/2012/01/07/1973890/mount-rainier-shooting-drew-a.html

I watched the memorial service on streaming video on the 10th. It was a deeply moving service with all of the representatives of the various law enforcement and first responder communities, including a contingent of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (Margaret was born in Canada). All the people who made remarks were obviously shaken by the tragedy, but I thought Secretary Salazar's remarks were especially heartfelt. As someone mentioned above, folks outside the NPS are mourning Margaret's death, but for those who are, or were as I was, inside the Park Service, this is a particularly gut-wrenching loss. Sincere condolences to her many friends and colleagues at Rainier and God bless Margaret Anderson and her family.

Rick

I'd note that the NPS also has a professional law enforcement division in the form of the US Park Police.
If I may kindly point out, the NPS DOES have a professional law enforcement division. They're called park rangers and Ranger Anderson was an exemplary representative of that profession.
George

Shootings have occurred in the past within national parks, and usually not directed at rangers, who are well trained in firearms. Parks are often located in remote areas, and criminally inclined find their way to these places. Rangers, like any armed law enforcement, are vulnerable in such remote areas, often with minimal backup. Funding to the parks have been reduced dramatically over many years, prior to the current Tea Party austerity measures. Our prayers to the brave woman, and her family.